Frigidity, also called hypogneismus or hyposexuality, is a medical condition characterized by a lack of responsiveness to sexual stimulation. It can have physical or psychological causes (1). Women with this condition may have difficulty becoming aroused, may not enjoy sex, and may not be able to have an orgasm. Frigidity is not the same as having a low libido, which is a generalized decrease in sexual desire. Rather, it specifically refers to two distinct problems; a woman’s lack of response to sexual stimulation and her inability to reach orgasm. A frigid woman may have one or both of these problems. There are several treatments for frigidity, including therapy, medication, and sex education. With treatment, most women are able to overcome their frigidity and enjoy a healthy and fulfilling sex life.
What Causes Frigidity?
There are many potential causes of frigidity, including physical, psychological, and relationship factors.
Physical Causes Of Frigidity
Some women may experience frigidity as a result of physical causes. These can include (1):
- Hormonal imbalances: A woman’s sexual desire is often linked to her hormone levels. If her hormones are out of balance, it can affect her libido.
- Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions can lead to reduced sexual desire or arousal, such as anxiety disorders, depression, and certain chronic illnesses like diabetes or arthritis.
- Medications: Some medications can have a negative impact on sexual desire or function. These include some birth control pills, antidepressants, and blood pressure medications.
Psychological Causes Of Frigidity
Women may also experience frigidity due to psychological factors. These can include (1):
- Past sexual trauma: A history of sexual abuse or trauma can lead to psychological issues that make it difficult for a woman to enjoy sex.
- Body image issues: Women who are not comfortable with their bodies may have a hard time getting in the mood for sex.
- Stress: Stressful life events can impact a woman’s sexual desire.
- Relationship problems: If a woman is not happy in her relationship, it can lead to reduced sexual desire.
Read More: Fear Of Sex: Symptoms, Causes, And Treatment
What Are The Treatment Options For Frigidity?
The treatment options for frigid women will depend on the underlying cause. If the frigidity is due to a physical cause, such as hormonal imbalances, medical conditions, or medications, treating the underlying issue may improve sexual function (2).
If the frigidity is due to psychological causes, such as past trauma or relationship problems, counseling or therapy may be helpful (2).
Some women may also benefit from sex therapy. This type of therapy can help women learn how to enjoy sex and overcome any issues that are causing sexual dysfunction (2).
Additionally, there are some medications that can be used to treat frigidity. These include testosterone replacement therapy and certain antidepressants.
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What Are The Complications Of Frigidity?
Frigidity can lead to relationship problems if not treated. Additionally, some women may experience anxiety or depression as a result of their condition (1).
It can be helpful to talk to a doctor or therapist if you are struggling with frigidity. Getting treatment can improve your quality of life and help you enjoy a healthy and fulfilling sex life.
The Bottom Line
Frigidity is a condition that can be caused by physical, psychological, or relationship factors. Treatment options for frigid women will vary depending on the underlying cause, but may include counseling, therapy, and medications.
If left untreated, frigidity can lead to anxiety, depression, and relationship problems.
Fortunately, there are a number of ways to deal with frigidity, depending on its underlying cause. If you think you may be suffering from this condition, talk to your doctor to find the best treatment option for you.
This article is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional advice or help and should not be relied on to make decisions of any kind. Any action you take upon the information presented in this article is strictly at your own risk and responsibility!
- ABC of sexual problems I: Loss of desire–what about the fun? (1999, nih.gov)
- Recent Developments in Psychopharmaceutical Approaches to Treating Female Sexual Interest and Arousal Disorder (2017, nih.gov)